|The Board is committed to nurture and preserve throughout the Group
a sound system of risk management and internal controls and good
corporate governance practices as set out in the Board's Statement on Risk
Management and Internal Control, made in compliance with Paragraph 15.26(b)
of the Listing Requirements of Bursa Securities and guided by the Statement on
Risk Management & Internal Control: Guidelines for Directors of Listed Issuers.
The Board acknowledges its responsibility for maintaining a sound risk management framework
and internal control system to safeguard the shareholders? investments and the Group?s assets,
as well as to discharge its stewardship responsibility in identifying principal risks and ensuring the
implementation of an appropriate risk management and internal control system to manage those
risks in accordance with Principle 6 of the Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance.
The Board continually articulates, implements and reviews the adequacy and effectiveness of
the Group?s risk management and internal control system which has been embedded in all aspects
of the Group?s activities. The Board reviews the processes, responsibilities and assesses for
reasonable assurance that risks have been managed within the Group?s risk appetite and tolerable
ranges and to ensure that the system is viable and robust.
Notwithstanding, the Group?s system by its nature can only reduce rather than eliminate the risk
of failure to achieve the business objectives. Accordingly, such systems can only provide a reasonable
but not absolute assurance against material misstatement, loss or fraud.
The Board has received assurance from the Chief Executive Officer & Managing Director and the
Chief Financial Officer that the Group?s risk management and internal control system is operating
adequately and effectively, in all material aspects, based on the risk management and internal
control framework of the Group.
KEY FEATURES OF RISK MANAGEMENT AND INTERNAL CONTROL PROCESSES
The Group has a well-defined organisational structure with clearly delineated lines of accountability,
authority and responsibility to the Board, its committees and operating units. Key processes have
been established in reviewing the adequacy and effectiveness of the risk management and internal
control system including the following:
- The Executive Committee of the Board was established to manage the Group?s operating
divisions in accordance with corporate objectives, strategies, policies, key performance
indicators and annual budgets as approved by the Board. Further details on the Executive
Committee are set out in the Corporate Governance Statement.
- The Audit Committee of the Group, with the assistance of the Risk Management Committee,
performs regular risk management assessments and through the Internal Audit Department,
reviews the internal control processes, and evaluates the adequacy and effectiveness of the
risk management and internal control system. The committee also seeks the observations of
the independent external auditors of the Group. Further details are set out in the Audit
- The Risk Management Committee (?RMC?) was established to oversee and perform regular
reviews on the Group?s risk management processes. The RMC is chaired by the Group?s
Chief Financial Officer and includes representatives from all business divisions, both local and
overseas, as well as from the relevant Head Office operations support departments. Each
business division?s risk management function is led by the respective head of the division.
The RMC reports to the Audit Committee on a quarterly basis where key risks and mitigating
actions are deliberated and implemented.
- The Internal Audit Department performs internal audits on various operating units within the Group on a risk-based
approach based on the annual audit plan approved by the Audit Committee. The department checks for compliance
with policies and procedures and the effectiveness of the internal control system and highlights significant findings
of non-compliance in the quarterly Audit Committee meetings of the Company and major subsidiaries.
- The Nomination & Remuneration Committee (?NRC?) assists the Board to review and recommend appropriate
remuneration policies for Directors and senior management to ensure that their remuneration commensurates with
their performance. The NRC also reviews and recommends candidates to the Board of the Company, and evaluates
the performance of Directors (including Board Committees) on an annual basis.
- The Securities and Options Committee administers options and/or shares under the employee share scheme and
regulates the securities transactions in accordance with established regulations and by-laws. Further details are set out
in the Corporate Governance Statement.
- Management committees are established by the respective Boards of major subsidiaries of the Group to assume
the functions, of the Executive Committee as stated above, in those subsidiaries.
Key Elements of the Risk Management and Internal Controls
- Clearly documented standard operating policies and procedures to ensure compliance with internal controls, laws
and regulations, which are subjected to regular reviews and improvement, have been communicated to all levels.
- Established guidelines for recruitment, human capital development and performance appraisal to enhance staff
competency levels have been disseminated to all employees.
- Clearly defined levels of authority for day-to-day business aspects of the Group covering procurement, payments,
investments, acquisition and disposal of assets have been disseminated to all employees.
- Top down communication is made to all levels, of the company?s values such as the IJM charter, including statements
of vision, mission and core values, code of ethics and conduct, corporate disclosure policy as well as avenues for
- Regular comprehensive information are conveyed to the Board, its committees and management committees of
the Group and major subsidiaries covering finance, operations, key performance indicators and other business indicators
such as economic and market conditions at their monthly or periodic meetings.
- Annual budgets are prepared to monitor actual versus budgeted and prior period?s performance with major
variances being reviewed and management actions taken as necessary;
- Half-yearly company briefings with analysts are conducted on the day of release of the financial results to apprise
the shareholders, stakeholders and general public of the Group?s performance whilst promoting transparency and
RISK MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK
The RMC principally develops, executes and maintains the risk management system to ensure that the Group?s
corporate objectives and strategies are achieved within the acceptable risk appetite of the Group. Its reviews cover
responses to significant risks identified including non-compliance with applicable laws, rules, regulations and guidelines,
changes to internal controls and management information systems, and output from monitoring processes.
A risk map addressing the risks to the achievement
of strategic, financial, operational and other business
objectives, using quantitative and qualitative aspects
to assess their likelihood and impact, and the controls
for assuring the Board that processes put in place
continue to operate adequately and effectively, is
prepared annually by each business unit.
As the business risk profile changes, new areas
are introduced for risk assessment and necessary
changes are made to the existing risks.
The Group?s Head Office considers the risks
associated with the Group?s strategic objectives and
overall risk appetite which are not addressed by the
respective business units. The consolidated risks
and the mitigating actions are reported to the RMC
before being presented to the Audit Committee on a
RISK ASSESSMENT REVIEWS
During the financial year, all divisions conducted their risk management and internal control system reviews which
were assessed by the RMC and reported to the Audit Committee at each quarter.
The Group identified major risk areas of concern and mitigating actions were undertaken within appropriate timeframes.
The management of the Group?s significant risks identified for the financial year 2016 is outlined below:
Market Risk Management
Market risks refer to the risks resulting from economic and regulatory conditions and the inherent cyclical nature of
the Group?s businesses.
In the current economic climate, the slowdown in the local and global economy may affect the Construction and
Industry Division?s order book replenishment and result in overcapacity situations in its factories. The Industry
Division?s quarrying performance declined this year due to poor demand and erosion in selling prices while the
Property Division?s property sales slowed down due to the subdued market sentiments, saturated market and
stiff competition. All of these factors affect the Group?s profitability.
To mitigate such economic risks, the Group has various measures in place including the following:
- Securing long term BOT projects;
- Exploring various business and geographical diversifications;
- Regularly reviewing the business plans against performances to address any gaps or shortfalls;
- Maintaining good relationships with vendors and negotiating for more favourable terms;
- Maintaining existing customers and winning new customers;
- Seeking alternative uses of available capacity for its factories;
- Enhancing efficiency and productivity in its operations;
- Cost down initiatives to contain rising production costs such as sourcing cheaper alternative raw materials;
- Adopting innovative marketing strategies with appropriate product differentiation and flexibility in product
offerings to suit the market demand for its properties.
The Group has invested in emerging markets over the years such as in India, the Middle East, Indonesia
and China. Whilst the Group is able to tap into these markets, foreign engagements entail added risks given
their different operating, economic and regulatory environments as well as intensive local and international
competition. Nevertheless, the Group continues to monitor the identified market risks, employ detailed feasibility
assessments whilst continuously seeking out local as well as other international opportunities to replenish orders,
diversify its business and grow earnings.
Commodity risk is prevalent in the Plantation Division as its prices for palm products are subject to market volatility
which affects its profitability. The Plantation Division manages such commodity risk with the following measures:
- Constant monitoring of the commodity prices to determine the appropriate timing to transact sales;
- Selling using the Malaysian Palm Oil Board?s average price mechanism;
- Hedging through forward sales contracts;
- Entering into crude palm oil pricing swap arrangements with financial institutions as an additional hedge; and
- Close monitoring of the pricing trends of major oils and fats for market intelligence.
The Group is also exposed to foreign currency fluctuations due to its investments in foreign countries such as India
and Indonesia which may affect its profitability due to the negative fluctuation in the functional currencies of the
foreign subsidiaries. These foreign exchange exposures are managed by the Group with the following measures:
- Entering into forward foreign exchange contracts;
- Cross currency swap contracts; and
- Keeping foreign currency denominated borrowings at an acceptable level.
The Group?s businesses are governed by relevant laws, regulations, standards, licenses and concession agreements.
The Group constantly assesses the impact of new laws and regulations affecting its businesses to ensure that its
processes and infrastructure setting are able to operate under the new requirements. New laws and regulations
which have an impact to the Group included the following:
- Goods and Services Tax;
- Bursa Malaysia?s new listing rules on corporate governance and sustainability; and
- Companies Bill 2015.
The Group manages these regulatory risks with the following measures:
- Be updated with the new requirements by attending seminars, conferences and training programmes organised
by specialists such as Bursa Malaysia, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Wong & Partners, etc.;
- Implementing appropriate policies, procedures, guidelines, self-audit process and contracts management; and
- Maintaining regular communication with the authorities, industry, accounting, tax and legal experts to ensure
compliance at all times.
In addition, the other policies which affect the Group?s Property Division are the loan to value cap requirement and
strict mortgage lending policies by banks resulting in lower loan approvals this year. Coupled with the slower project
approvals from the authorities, all these factors affect the demand for the Division?s properties, slow down the
progress of its developments and reduce profitability levels. To mitigate such risks, the Property Division carries out
the following measures:
- Liaising closely with government officials and external institutions;
- Maintaining close working relationship with financial institutions to counter the cooling policies;
- Developing innovative marketing strategies and negotiating for attractive interest rates for loans;
- Adopting the industrialised building system to be less dependent on labour, whilst improving the productivity
and quality of construction work;
- Switching product focus to landed properties and/or affordable housing where demand is still resilient due to
support by the younger generation; and
- Delaying the launch of certain high-end high rise projects where appropriate.
In addition to the above, the Group's legal department provides legal input on compliance with applicable laws and
regulations, including on business, contracts and operational matters.
CREDIT AND LIQUIDITY RISK MANAGEMENT
These risks arise from the inability to recover debts in a timely manner which may affect the Group's profitability,
cash flows and funding. Such risks are more widespread in the Construction and Industry Division's overseas
The Group minimises such exposures with the following measures:
- Assessing the creditworthiness of potential customers before granting credit limits and periods;
- Employs strict debt repayment policies;
- Persistent and close monitoring of collections and overdue debts; and
- Ensuring effective credit utilisation to keep leverage at a comfortable level.
OPERATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT
Inadequate skilled workforce risk
Similar to many other companies in the same line of business, the Group faces a common challenge in the form
of inadequate skilled workforce. This risk is more acute in the Plantation Division due to the difficulty in recruiting
skilled workers which may slow down its harvesting operations. Various measures carried out by the Plantation
Division to attract more skilled labour included the following:
- Working with the industry fraternity to improve the availability of labour;
- Upgrading the living quarters of guest workers complete with amenities including electricity and water,
medical care, crèche, education centres, recreational and sports facilities in phases;
- Entering into partnership with NGOs such as the Borneo Child Aid to provide education to the children of
guest workers with the intention of retaining the workers; and
- Reviewing the remuneration benefits of workers from time to time to stay competitive.
To mitigate the risk of inadequate skilled workforce elsewhere, the Group implemented various remuneration
schemes to attract and retain them to meet existing and future needs. Some of these initiatives are as follows:
- The Long Term Incentive Plan ("LTIP"), which comprises an employee share option scheme and an employee
share grant plan for qualified employees. For more details of the LTIP scheme, please refer to the Financial
Statements section of the Annual Report;
- Enhancing work-life practices such as staggered hours, family care leave, car park space for expectant
mothers and extended maternity leave; and
- Enhancing schedule of benefits for Group hospitalisation and surgical plans.
Adverse weather risk
During the financial year, the Plantation Division's crop productivity was affected by the El Nino weather
phenomenon which caused palm biological stress and affected yields and profitability. The Division's fresh fruit
bunches ("FFB") production from the Malaysian operations dipped by 18% to 480,591 metric tonne due to the
severe dry weather. As a result, the Malaysian operations recorded an 18.8% drop in FFB yield to 20.8 tonnes
per hectare in FY2016.
To mitigate the dry weather condition and in anticipation of its recurrence in the future, the Plantation Division had
carried out measures which included the following:
- Employing good agronomic and estate practices as per the Division's operating manual;
- Carrying out water conservation and irrigation measures to ensure its oil palms receive adequate water;
- Deepening reservoirs, where possible, to increase water storage capacity with the objective of irrigating the
surrounding fields; and
- Ensuring appropriate agricultural training for its cadets and field staff.
DISASTER RECOVERY PLANNING
With threats of Management Information System ("MIS") failure and other potential hazards such as fires, floods,
earthquakes and major equipment failures, amongst others, the continuity of business operations is of a major concern
to the Group. In line with that, the Group has a crisis management plan to deal with major incidences and crisis
situations affecting our businesses and of public concern.
Additionally, the Group has a production site for ERP systems at an external hosting centre in Cyberjaya, Selangor
which was designed to be near disaster free while the IJM Data Recovery Centre maintained at Menara IJM Land, Penang
acts as a warm site for systems recovery in the event of a MIS failure. The non-ERP applications are safely maintained
in Cyberjaya or by cloud hosts.
Regular incident management drills at our properties ranging from basic fire safety to mass evacuation drills are
conducted to ensure that our employees are familiar with the emergency response and crisis management plans.
As a global conglomerate with a diverse business portfolio, the Group faces exposure to numerous risks. Hence,
the Group has in place adequate and regularly reviewed insurance coverage where it is available on economically
acceptable terms to minimise the related financial impacts.
REVIEW OF THE STATEMENT BY EXTERNAL AUDITORS
As required by Paragraph 15.23 of the Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad Main Market Listing Requirements, the
external auditors have reviewed this Statement on Risk Management and Internal Control. Their limited assurance
review was performed in accordance with Recommended Practice Guide ("RPG") 5 (Revised) issued by the Malaysian
Institute of Accountants. RPG 5 (Revised) does not require the external auditors to form an opinion on the adequacy
and effectiveness of the risk management and internal control systems of the Group.
For the financial year under review and up to the date of issuance of this statement, the Board is pleased to state that the
Group's system of risk management and internal control was rated overall as satisfactory, adequate and effective for the
Group's purpose. There have been no material losses, contingencies or uncertainties arising from the reviews.
THE GROUP WILL CONTINUE TO MONITOR ALL MAJOR RISKS AFFECTING THE GROUP AND WILL TAKE
THE NECESSARY MEASURES TO MITIGATE THEM AND ENHANCE THE ADEQUACY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF
THE RISK MANAGEMENT AND INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEM OF THE GROUP.